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126 South Swan Street, Suite 102
Albany, New York 12210
Tele: (518) 472-1772
Fax: (518) 472-1544

Paul M. Bray is married to Barbara Kaiser Bray, writer, artist and host of “Jazz and” on WRPI-FM.


Boston University, B.A., 1965

Columbia University School of Law, J.D., 1968

Professional Experience

Publisher and Editor, (tech news web site) 2014-present.

Editor, Capital Commons Quarterly: A Journal on the Dynamics of Aging and Community, published by the Albany Guardian Society, 2007-2012.

Associate Counsel and member of Commissioner’s Policy Office, NYS Department of Environmental Conservation, 2007 to 2010

President, P.M. Bray LLC (specialty in environmental and planning law and public affairs), Albany, New York, admitted to practice in New York State.

Teaching, Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Masters Program in Urban and Regional Planning, State University of New York at Albany, 1994 to 2011.

Writer, monthly column in The Times Union, 1995 to present, and monthly column in Empire State Report 2000 to June 2002.

Senior Associate, AHC Group, 2000 to 2002.

Managing Editor, Corporate Strategy Today, 2001 to 2002

Senior Counsel, New York State Legislative Bill Drafting Commission, 1970-1999. Draftsman of the “State Environmental Quality Review Law,” New York State “Energy Law,” “Juvenile Justice Reform Act,” New York State “Urban Cultural Park Act,” “New York State Historic Preservation Act,” “Hudson River Valley Greenway Act,” “The Long Island Pine Barrens Protection Act,” and other laws generally in areas including the environment, land use, health, education, housing and public authorities.

General Counsel, Hudson-Mohawk Urban Cultural Park Commission, 1976-1992.

Lecturer: conferences, institutes, public groups and universities.

Regional Coordinator – Italy, Glynwood Center, beginning 1998-2002.

Producer, “Higher Education and the Economy: A Leadership Summit,” WMHT Educational Television, July 5, 1996.

Pro bono public legal assistance for organizations including Volunteer Lawyers for the Arts, Sierra Club, Preservation League, Historic Albany Foundation and Hudson-Mohawk Industrial Gateway.

Publications, Reviews & Conference Presentations

“Proposed Land Resource Management Law,” New York State Environment, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, 1975.

“Observations on Environmental Management at the State Level,” Sierra Atlantic, Atlantic Chapter of Sierra Club, New York, New York, 1975.

“Land Use Work Paper,” issued by the New York State Assembly Committee on Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, 1975.

Cases and Material: Environmental Law and Citizen Involvement, published by the College of General Studies, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York, 1975.

“Transfer of Development Rights Study Paper,” issued by the New York State Assembly Committee on Local Government, Albany, New York, 1976.

“Updating New York’s Planning Process,” Sierra Atlantic, Atlantic Chapter of Sierra Club, New York, New York, 1976.

“Changes in SEQRA: 1977 Legislative Amendments,” Planning News, Vol. 41, No. 4, New York Planning Federation, Albany, New York, 1977.

“Urban Cultural Parks: Capitalizing Upon Urban Strengths and Values,” Planning News, Vol. 41, No. 5, New York Planning Federation, Albany, New York, 1977.

“Architecturally Speaking,” Kite (column of architectural and urban design criticism in a weekly arts publication), Albany, New York, 1975-1978.

“Preservation Potential: Urban Cultural Parks,” Newsletter of the Preservation League of New York State, May 1979.

“Administrative Responses to a Preservation Dilemma,” Historic Preservation in the Adirondack Park: Colloquium Proceedings, The Adirondack Research Center, Schenectady, New York, 1983.

“The New York Perspective: Urban Cultural Parks,” Proceedings: Greenline and Urbanline Parks Conference, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, 1983.

“Interpretation: A Matter of Park Preservation and Management,” presented at Symposium on the Forest Preserve Centennial at Union College, Schenectady, New York, 1985.

“The City as Park,” American Land Forum, Vol. V, No. 1, Bethesda, Maryland, Winter 1985.

“A New Era for Urban Parks,” The Report of the President’s Commission on Ameri- cans Outdoors, Island Press, Washington, D.C., 1987.

“Proposal for a Parkwide Interpretive System for the Adirondack Park,” presented at Adirondack Educator’s Symposium entitled, “An Interpretive Future for the Adirondack Park,” Keene, New York, 1987.

“Celebrating Cities,” a review of The Return of the Livable City: Learning from America’s Best, by McNulty, Penne, Jacobson and Partners for Livable Spaces, The New American Land, September/October 1987.

“Urban Park Professionals: Don’t Rest on Your Laurels,” presented at Cornell University Symposium entitled, “Parks: New Directions in Resource Planning,” Ithaca, New York, November 1988.

“Vision Can Make History Rich Albany A Living Attraction,” Capital District Business Review, March 14-20, 1988.

“Parks,” The Treatise on New York Environmental Law, New York State Bar Association, Albany, New York, 1988.

“Planning for the Adirondack Park as a Park,” presented at the Northeast Recreation Research Conference, Saratoga Springs, New York February 25, 1990.

“Tools for Visual Landscape Protection” and “Regional Approaches for Growth Management,” presented at the New York State Department of State Conference entitled, “Your Coast, Your Choice, Your Future,” Albany, New York, February 28, 1990.

“Taking Advantage of Albany’s Strengths: Vision of Albany’s Future,” presented at the Kiwanis Club of Albany, Albany, New York, May 1990.

“The History of the Historic Preservation Act of 1980” and “Saving the Historic Resources in the Adirondacks: The Significance of the Forest Preserve,” presented at the conference of the Preservation League of New York State, Alexandria Bay, New York, May 5, 1990.

“The Role of the Catskill Park as a Park in the Catskill Region,” presented at a conference of The Catskill Center for Conservation and Development, Inc., Highmount, New York, May 19, 1990.

“Open Space Preservation: The Post-Euclidian Synthesis,” presented at a conference at Hofstra University entitled, “The Environment: Global Problems-Local Solutions,” Hempstead, New York, June 8, 1990. Published in The Environment, Greenwood Press, Westport, Conn., 1994.

“Urban Planning: The Urban Cultural Park Approach,” presented at a conference of the New York Land Institute, Albany, New York, June 1990.

“Tools for Main Street Development: The Urban Cultural Park Approach,” presented at a Main Street Conference of the New York State Conference of Mayors, Corning, New York, July 25, 1990.

“Applying the Local and Regional Urban Cultural Park Model,” presented at a workshop of the Cornell Park, Conservation and Land Use Institute, Ithaca, New York, November 2, 1990.

“Legislative Viewpoint,” presented at “A Symposium on Development and Land Use Controls in the Capital Region,” sponsored by the Center for Economic Growth, Albany, New York, April 26, 1991.

“The New Urbanism,” presented at the “Partnership Park and Preservation Conference” of the National Park Service, New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, and the National Park and Conservation Association – New York Chapter, Albany, New York, September 10, 1991.

“New Coalition Needed to Tout Area’s Assets,” Capital District Business Review, April 27 – May 3, 1991.

“Parks as a Model for Urban and Regional Planning,” presented at a meeting of The Lewis Mumford Center at the University of Albany, Albany, New York, November 14, 1991.

“Parks and the Public Trust Doctrine,” presented at a conference on the public trust doctrine, Government Law Center at the Albany Law School, Albany, New York, December 6, 1991.

“Planning the Urban Portion of the Hudson River Valley Greenway Trail,” presented at the “Hudson River Valley Trail Symposium II,” sponsored by the Hudson River Valley Greenway Communities Council, Bear Mountain Inn, New York, March 7, 1992.

“Transport Networks Play Development Role,” Capital District Business Review, April 27 – May 3, 1992.

“The Adirondack Park as a Park: Visions for the Adirondack Park’s Second Century,” presented at the centennial conference of the Association for the Protections of the Adirondacks, Raquette Lake, New York, September 25, 1992.

“Charting the Future: Meeting the Park and Conservation Challenge Beyond the Park’s Gates,” presented at “The Park Challenges Study Conference” of the New York State Parks and Conservation Association and the Rockefeller Institute of Government, Albany, New York, October 23, 1992.

“Broadening the Idea of Park: The Future is With Us,” Partners in Stewardship, proceedings of the George Wright Society’s Seventh Conference on Research and Resource Management in Parks and Public Lands, p. 239, Hancock, Michigan, 1993.

“Strategy for Reform,” presented at a conference entitled “Reforming New York’s Land Use Law,” co-sponsored by the Government Law Center at Albany Law School and Pace University School of Law, Albany, New York, April 13, 1993.

“The New Urbanism: Celebrating the City,” Places, Vol. 8, No. 4, Brooklyn, New York, Summer, 1993. Republished in City Magazine, Vol. 15, No. 2/No. 3, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Spring/Summer, 1994.

“Capital City should capitalize on assets,” The Sunday Gazette, November 7, 1993.

“The ‘Compact’ Approach to Area-wide Land Use Planning: The State as ‘Creative Enabler’,” Pace University School of Law, Land Use Law Reporter, Series 1, No. 4, p. 5, December, 1993.

“The Role of the Public Trust Doctrine in Planning and Management of the New York State Canal System,” Albany Law Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, p. 47, 1994.

“History is the Key to a New Generation of Parks,” Preservation New York, Vol. 2, No. 2, Preservation League of New York State, Albany, New York, 1994.

“Make Hudson Valley a window on history,” Poughkeepsie Journal, January 23, 1994.

“The Future of Heritage Planning,” presented at the Conference of the National Coalition for Heritage Areas, Washington, D.C., March 15, 1994.

“Albany & Environs: A Naturally Occurring Bicycle and Pedestrian Community,” presented at the 1994 NYS Bicycle and Pedestrian Conference, Albany, New York, October 7, 1994.

“Celebrating Real Places – The New Urbanism,” presented at the “The Vibrant City – The Challenge of the 90’s” Conference of the Waterfront Center, New Orleans, LA, October 14, 1994.

“The Heritage Area Phenomenon: Where it is Coming From,” CRM, Vol. 17, No. 8, National Park Service, Washington, D.C., 1994.

“Urban Cultural Parks,” The Urban Ecologist, No. 3, p. 18, 1994.

“A New Tool for Renewing the Central City: The Urban Cultural Park,” National Civil Review, Vol. 83, No. 2, Spring – Summer 1994.

“Change Approach to Hudson River Valley Greenway: Development and Nature Can Co-exist,” Poughkeepsie Journal, January 8, 1995.

“State Viewpoint: Reinventing the Preservation Program,” Preservation New York, Vol. 3, No. 1, Preservation League of New York State, Albany, New York, Winter 1994-1995.

“The Adirondack Park: A Real Place That Is a Park,” presented at the 1995 Spring Forum entitled, “The Adirondack Park: Unifying Force, Economic Asset” of the Association for the Protection of the Adirondacks, Saratoga Springs, New York, May 26, 1995.

“The Riverspark Story: Partnerships Making a Real Place into a Living Park,” CRM, Vol. 18, No. 6, National Park Service, Washington, D.C., 1995.

Review of The Power of Place: Urban Landscapes as Public History, by Dolores Hayden, City Magazine, Canada, Summer, 1995.

Commentary, “Planning by Compact: A New Regional Approach,” written with Patricia Salkin, Land Use Law & Zoning Digest, Vol. 48, No. 3, American Planning Association, Chicago, March, 1996.

Concept, The Virtual Albany Educationway,, Albany, New York 1996.

“Pianificagione e gestione delle aree protette: il caso di Long Island,” presented at a seminar of the Economics Faculty at the University of Florence, Italy, January 16, 1997.

“The American Experience,” presented at a forum at the American Academy in Rome entitled, “National Parks and Protected Areas in Italy and America: New Challenges and Opportunities,” Rome, Italy, February 5, 1997.

“Experienze dei Parchi negli Stati Uniti,” Gazzetta Ambiente: Rivista sull’ Ambiente e Territorio, numero 1-2, Roma, Italia, Gennaio – Aprile, 1997.

“Il Parco degli Adirondack,” Parchi, numero 21, Pisa, Italy, Giugno 1997.

“Parchi Ricchi Di Natura E Di Persone: Convergenza Di Alcune Esperienze Italiane E Americane Sui Parchi,” Sherwood, Arezzo, Italy, Decembre 1997.

Concept and Text, Public Trust Doctrine (PTD),, Albany, New York 1997.

“Intergenerational Equity and the Public Trust Doctrine,” presented at a conference entitled “Who Owns America?”, sponsored by the North American Program, Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, June 4, 1998.

“Italian Park and Protected Area Experience and Twinning,” as part of a special section entitled “Learning from the Italian Park Experience,” The George Wright Society Forum, ed. Paul M. Bray, Vol. 15, No. 2, 1998.

“The Abruzzo National Park Experience,” InterpEdge, Vol. 5, No. 1, July 1998.

“The Abruzzo and the Adirondack: Parks in the New and Old World,” Sanctuary, September/October 1998.

“Possibility of Parks Unbounded,” Environment, University of Waterloo, Canada, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1998.

“Tips for Effective Bill Drafting,” presented program entitled “What Every Government Attorney Should Know,” Institute of Legal Studies, Albany Law School, Friday, February 19, 1999.

“Thoughts on Reinventing Parks and Cities for the 21st Century,” presented to Upstate Hudson Association of Phi Beta Kappa, University at Albany, Saturday, February 6, 1999.

“Connecting the Dots: Creating a Region from Education, History, Tourism, Corridors and Rivers,” presented to Capital District Planner Association, Albany, New York, Thursday, February 18, 1999.

“Regional Planning Through Compacts in New York State,” presented with Patty Salkin at conference entitled, “The Revival of Regionalism in America: The Challenge of Managed Growth,” University at Albany, Friday March 17, 2000.

“Taking Stock,” as part of a special section entitled, “Taking Stock: Changing Ideas and Visions for Parks,” ed. Paul M. Bray, The George Wright Forum, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2000.

“Growing Correspondence Between Italian and American Park Experience,” lecture presented at The Institute for Advanced Studies of Pavia, Italy, June 15, 2000.

“New Pluralism in Urban Parks,” presented at a conference entitled, “Rome – New York Comparative Urban Projects,” sponsored by Universit degli Studi di Roma La Saprenza, Rome, Italy, June 20, 2000.

Review of Urban Conservation by Nahoum Cohen, Land Forum, 05, 2000.

“Future for Capital Region Cities in the 21st Century,” presented at 10th Annual Transportation & Planning Symposium, Latham, New York, November 6, 2000.

Keynote Address, “Neighborhoods Work” Conference sponsored by Neighborhood Resource Center and Council of Neighborhood Associations, Albany, New York, November 18, 2000.

“Italy and American Park and Protected Area Twinning,” presented at Camerino 2000 Conference, Camerino, Italy, October 2000.

“Historical Development of SEQRA.” Presented at SEQRA 25th Anniversary Conference, Albany Law School, May 15, 2001 and at A Quarter-Century of SEQRA, New York State Environmental Quality Review Act After Twenty-Five Years at St. John’s University School of Law, October 12, 2001.

“New Realities, Visions, And Types of Parks And Protected Areas,” lecture presented at Colorado State
University, April 16, 2001.

“Overview of Conservation Experience in New York State,” presented at Leading Edge 2001 conference,
Burlington, Ontario, Canada, October 17, 2001.

“Protecting Conservation Treasures in the New York State Constitution,” lecture presented at Canisius College, Buffalo, New York, October 18, 2001.

“Compact Planning Offers A Fresh Approach For Regional Planning And Smart Growth: A New York Model” by Patricia E. Salkin and Paul Bray, Real Estate Law Journal, Fall 2001

“Developing a Sense of Cultural Landscape in America” presented at the International Symposium on Society and Resource Management Conference, entitled “Global Challenges of Parks and Protected Area Management”, La Maddelena, Sardinia, Italy, October 10-13, 2002

“Albany: A City of Contrasts and Contradictions”, presented as part of the series “Albany Heritage”, Albany Institute of History and Art, Albany, NY, November 9, 2002

Keynote Address “Partnerships for a Better Albany in a Time of Change”, presented at the Neighborhood Works III, Albany, NY, November 23, 2002

“Retrofitting our Past to our Future”, Transforming the Places of Production, Edizioni Olivares, Milan, Italy, 2002.

“Park and protected area planning in New York State”, Urbanistica, No. 120, p. 82, Rome, Italy, April 2003.

“Evolving Policies and Laws for Governance of Urban Protected Areas: New York State’s Landmark Heritage Area System”, Innovative Governance, Ane Books, New Dehli, India, 2003.

“Creating Age Integrated Communities”, presented at a conference sponsored by the Albany Guardian Society entitled “Non-traditional Housing Options for Seniors, Albany, New York, September 24, 2003.

“Trends to Look Out For”, keynote presentation at the 24th Annual Affordable Housing & Community Development Conference, Auburn, New York, October 6-8, 2003.

“Bridging the ‘Science-Policy Disconnect’ to Mitigate the Effects of Climate Change on Coastal Systems” by Christopher F. D’Elia and Paul M. Bray, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Mediterranean Coastal Environment, MEDCOAST 03, E. Özhan (Editor), 7-11 October 2003, Ravenna, Italy

“Planning for Age-integrated Communities” presented at 2004 Training School & Annual Meeting Program of Association of Towns of the State of New York, New York City, February 16, 2004

“To Rally Discussion: Rethinking Urban Parks”, Places Vol. 16, No. 2, Spring 2004, University of California, Berkeley, CA.

“On the American parks and economic forces”, a lesson presented as part of a masters program on planning and management of protected areas, University of Camerino, June 4 and 5, 2004, Camerino, Italy.

“Tourism e prodotti agricoli per la valorizzazione dei parchi negli USA”, presented at a Round Table program at Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, June 11, 2004, Pisa, Italy.

“Lessons from the Heritage Area Phenomena for the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area” presented at the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area Summit, Hyde Park, October 4, 2004.

“An Environmental Champion for New York: Maurice Hinchey” by Paul Bray with Maurice Hinchey, A River’s Pleasure, Pace University Press: New York, 2009.

“The Public Trust Doctrine: Its Relevance Today”, by Paul Bray presented at The 30th Annual Conference of the Council of Georgist Organizations, July 13, 2010, Albany, New York. Published in “GroundSwell”, Sept.-Oct. 2010.

“Community Building and Advocacy: Using Media to Gain Community Support”, by Paul Bray presented at the 2nd Empowering Communities for Successful Aging, Albany, July 28, 2010.

“Cumulative Impact Assessment: What is it and Why does it Matter?” by Paul Bray presented at Community & Regional Development Institute, Department of Development Sociology, Cornell University, Friday, November 19, 2010.

Affiliations & Community Service

Founder and President, Albany Roundtable (Civic Lunch Forum), Albany, New York.

Founding Director, The New York Parks and Conservation Association, Albany, New York.

Former Director, The Parks Council, New York, New York.

Former Director, Atlantic Chapter, Sierra Club, New York, New York.

Former Treasurer and Vice President, Turpin Bannister Chapter, Society of Architectural Historians, Albany, New York.

Former Chairman, The Adirondack Research Center, Schenectady, New York.

Former Director, The Albany League of Arts, Albany, New York.

Former Trustee and Vice-President, The Association for the Protection of the Adirondacks, Schenectady, New York.

Member, Environmental Section of the New York State Bar Association, Albany, New York.

Director, Washington Park Conservancy, Albany, New York.

Former Director, Historic Albany Foundation, Albany, New York.

Director and Counsel, Committee for the 1992 Adirondack Park Centennial, Paul Smiths, New York.

Advisor, The Lewis Mumford Center at the University at Albany, Albany, New York.

Special Advisor, The Hudson-Mohawk Urban Cultural Park Commission, Cohoes, New York.

Member, Advisory Committee of the Government Law Center at Albany Law School.

Former Director, Preservation Action, Washington, D.C.

Member, World Commission on Protected Areas of IUCN – The World Conservation Union, Term 1997-1999.

Member, Council of American Academy in Rome Society of Fellows.

Member, IUCN Commission on Environmental Law.

Member, Neighborhood Resource Center, Albany, New York.

Member, Board of Directors, American Labor Studies Center, Troy, New York.

Member, Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area Management Committee, Albany, New York.

Member, Board of Directors, NYS Urban and Community Council

Member, Executive Committee, Environmental Section, NYS Bar Association

Founding member, Albany Civic Agenda

Steward, NYS Archives Partnership

College Fellow, University at Albany, College of Arts and Sciences

Awards & Recognitions

Certificate of Appreciation, The Albany Roundtable, 1988.

Certificate of Appreciation, The Albany Kiwanis Club, 1990.

Who’s Who in the East, 23rd Edition, 1991-1992.

Certificate of Appreciation, New York State Bar Association, 1992.

Vision Award, Hudson Mohawk Urban Cultural Park Commission, (“For his vision, which led to the creation of Riverspark, and for his dedication to the development of the NYS Urban Cultural Park Program”), 1992.

Honor, New York State Bar Association Environmental Section (“For craftsmanship in the development of environmental legislation in New York State and for his vision and leadership in the creation of the State’s Urban Cultural Park System”), 1994.

American Academy in Rome Prize Fellowship in the Design Arts, 1996.

Who’s Who in American Law, 9th Edition, 1996.

Certificate of Recognition and Commendation, Legislative Bill Drafting Commission, 1998.

Attesto di Riconoscimento, Centro Parchi Internazione, Roma-New York, 19 Aprile 1999.

New York State Legislative Resolution, (“Commending Paul M. Bray for his distinguished service with Legislative Bill Drafting Commission”), February, 2000.

Lifetime Conservation Award, New York Park and Conservation Association, 2000.

Certificate of Recognition, (“In recognition of your outstanding dedication and commitment to our valuable natural resources.”) Governor George E. Pataki, October 12, 2000.

Good Patroon Award, The Albany Roundtable, 2004.

Certificate of Appreciation from The Central Pine Barrens Joint Planning and
Policy Commission, Great River, NY on October 4, 2004

Certificate of Recognition for Sustained support of the NYS Urban and Community Forestry Council, July 2008